Products: PI-MAX4
ICCD & emICCD

image of PI-MAX4<br>  ICCD & emICCD

时间分辨成像成谱的测量标准

4系列相机凝聚了普林斯顿仪器多年来在像增强型ICCD相机领域研发的经验。它的诞生不仅是为了满足当下许多科研者的需求,更是一款为未来而设计的产品: PI-MAX4 为您提供低于500皮秒(10-12 s)的精准门控开关,实现频域测试的RF调制功能,以及LightField平台上全部参数可控性,所有这些独一无二的特点都是为了满足科研工作者对于光敏度,速度,时域控制等方面持续提高的需求。PI-MAX4拥有市场上其他ICCD无法企及的强大功能与灵活性:

以下是PI-MAX4 与其他ICCD的部分参数比较:

  • 世界上第一台单光子灵敏度emICCD,超快探测与超高线性度 
  • 后照型EMCCD匹配Gen II 或 Gen III像增强器提供超高探测灵敏度
  • 1 MHz 的门控重复速度
  • 超快速光阴极门控 < 500ps
  • 成像速度可达视频速度(26fps),成谱速度可达10kHz
  • 双成像功能 Double image feature (DIF)
  • 支持各类成像及成谱格式的CCD,例如2048 x 2048大芯片
  •  LightField 平台提供类似示波器的控制接口  

 

PI-MAX4像增强型相机可应用于成像与成谱的实验,例如等离子体测试,燃烧实验,光子计数,以及时域/频域 荧光寿命成像(FLIM)等。

结合PI强大的LightField操作软件,PI-MAX4系列产品可以创新地达到1MHz门控开关频率,视频成像速度,以及每秒10,000幅光谱,<500ps门控宽度,快速双成像等。
PI-MAX4支持众多格式的芯片,包括:512x512 和 1024x1024 后照型 EMCCDs, 1024x256, 1024x1024, 2048x2048 CCDs; 以及二代和三代科研型像增强器
如今,PI-MAX4已经成为世界级实验室在时间分辨测试中的首选相机。

 

combustion article cover

 

"The new PI-MAX4:512EM has advanced our time-resolved SRS spectroscopy technique to the next level. It allowed us to capture spectra at a sampling rate of 10 kHz to keep pace with our new high-frequency laser and enabled our novel effort to develop time-series multi-scalar diagnostics in a high-pressure combustor at NASA Glenn Research Center.

Unlike an EMCCD camera where gating capability is limited, the ultrafast gating of the emICCD permits me to gate-out background optical flame emission far better — without sacrificing the superior sensitivity, signal gain, and dynamic range of the EMCCD chip."

– Dr. Jun Kojima, Principal Scientist, Ohio Aerospace Institute.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 高帧数
  • 视频帧数,若手动修改参数,可以实现每秒几百张成像或者几千张成谱的采集速度
  • 每秒>10,000幅光谱采集
  • 可实现高重复性的激光成像或成谱.
 
超高门控电压 Super HV

PI-MAX4 采用最新的SuperHV技术, 提升了像增强器的门控电压,同时保证门控电压的控制精度与重复频率。 新一代的开关重复速度高达1MHz,是上一代的20倍。

双成像特征
  • PI-MAX4:1024i使用了隔行型CCD,可以在极短时间内连续采集两张全幅图像(2 usec).
  • 可以控制像增强器的门控电压,让两幅图像之间的背景噪声更小.
  • 直观的用户界面方便设置采集参数
皮秒级门控技术
  • 实现 <500ps的门控精度,不影响相机量子效率
  • 光阴极没有金属网格(其他ICCD需要),不会牺牲空间分辨率
  • 精确校准后的光学宽度(FWHM)
  • 提供超高的时域分辨率和背景抑制能力.

 

 

SuperSynchro同步信号发生器
  • 内置高精度时序信号生成器
  • 门宽控制精度可至10 皮秒
  • 可以同步控制相机与外接设备(脉冲激光等)
  • 轻松控制复杂的时域测试实验

 

 

 

高速GigE接口

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  • 允许>50米远程控制,无需光纤数据转接头.
  • 即插即用,适合台式机与笔记本电脑.
  • 真正的16位数据传输速度,适合2MHz,5MHz,10MHz读出速度.

 

thermoelectric cooling
LightField 64-位操作平台 
  • 直观易上手的用户示波器界面设计,方便控制时序 (Watch Video

  • 内置的数学引擎,可完成图像与光谱的实时分析.

  • PICAM(64)位通用程序语言,方便的程序修改与编译.

  • 完善的硬件控制,与LabVIEW和MATLAB兼容.

     
thermoelectric cooling
 
 

 

PI-MAX4 camera model comparison and datasheets

Model Imaging Array Pixel Size Wavelength Peak QE
PI-MAX4: 512EMB datasheet pdf 512 x 512 EMCCD 16.0 x 16.0 µm 200 - 900 nm

>25% Gen II
>50% Gen III filmless

PI-MAX4:1024EMB datasheet pdf 1024 x 1024 EMCCD 13 x 13 µm 200 - 900 nm

>25% Gen II
>50% Gen III filmless

PI-MAX4:1024i datasheet pdf 1024 x 1024 12.8 x 12.8 µm 200 - 900 nm

>25% Gen II
>50% Gen III filmless

PI-MAX4:1024f datasheet pdf 1024 x 1024 13 x 13 µm 200 - 900 nm

>25% Gen II
>50% Gen III filmless

PI-MAX4:1024i-RF datasheet pdf 1024 x 1024 12.8 x 12.8 µm 200 - 900 nm

>25% Gen II
>50% Gen III filmless

PI-MAX4:1024x256 datasheet pdf 1024 x 256 26 x 26 µm 200 - 900 nm

>25% Gen II
>50% Gen III filmless

PI-MAX4:2048f datasheet pdf 2048 x 2048 13.5 x 13.5 µm 200 - 900 nm

>20% Gen II
>50% Gen III filmless

 

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Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
LIBS is considered one of the most convenient and efficient analytical techniques for trace elemental analysis in gases, solids, and liquids. LIBS spectra obtained by the Mars Curiosity Rover have confirmed that our sister planet could have harbored life

Combustion
Combustion researchers rely on laser-based optical diagnostic techniques as essential tools in understanding and improving the combustion process.

Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology helps scientists and engineers create faster electronics as well as ultrastrong and extremely light structural materials.

FLIM - Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy
FLIM encompasses several techniques for mapping the spatial distribution of excited-state lifetimes of emitting molecular species with nanosecond and microsecond temporal resolution.

Dynamic Neutron Radiography
Neutron radiography offers an excellent complement to x-ray imaging for a diverse range of nondestructive investigations

News

Application Notes

Ultrafast ICCD Cameras Enable New Three-Pulse Ballistic Imaging Technique for Studying Temporal Evolution of Turbulent, Steady Sprays
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden demonstrated a threepulse configuration for time-gated ballistic imaging (BI) applied to a turbulent, steady spray; this technique, which utilizes a pair of ultrafast scientific ICCD cameras, permits the acquisition of time-correlated image data.

Novel Time-Resolved FLIM Measurements Method
Enabled by the New Picosecond Gating Technology of the PI-MAX®4 ICCD Camera and the RLD Processing Algorithm

Ultra-High-Sensitivity emICCD Cameras Enable Diamond Quantum Dynamics Research
The PI-MAX4:512EM emICCD camera… deliver[s] quantitative, ultra-high-sensitivity performance for applications executed on nano- and picosecond timescales.

High-Accuracy LIBS with Nanosecond and Picosecond Time Resolution Enabled by Ultrasensitive emICCD Technology
This note explains how the improved performance of the PIMAX4:1024EMB emICCD camera used in concert with an echelle spectrometer (LTB ARYELLE 200) delivers ultrahigh sensitivity for demanding LIBS applications on the nanosecond and picosecond timescales.

Ultra-High-Sensitivity emICCD Cameras Facilitate Use of Trapped Ions for Quantum Research.
The PI-MAX4:1024EMB emICCD camera… deliver[s] quantitative, ultra-high-sensitivity performance for applications executed on nano- and picosecond timescales.

< 500 Picosecond Gating Augments Studies of Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jets
The application note provides an overview of non-thermal APPJ experimental setups for single-jet and multiple-jet studies in addition to the newest relevant imaging technology. Learn how this application was enabled by the PI-MAX 4: 1024i ICCD.

Ultra-High-Speed, Time-Resolved Spontaneous Raman Scattering Spectroscopy in Combustion
The recent use of a new diagnostic apparatus to measure the dynamics of each individual molecular species, as opposed to simply acquire bulk information (e.g., pressure), points to the possibility of performing temperature and frequency analyses of species in combustion.

Wide-Field, Frequency-Domain FLIM Measurements Made Simple
Learn more about how this application was enabled by the PI-MAX 4 1024i RF ICCD camera, allowing researchers to perform these wide-field measurements with unprecedented ease in terms of intensifier modulation and instrument synchronization, as well as with minimal external equipment.

Dynamic Neutron Radiography
Novel (3D) Neutron Imaging technique for nondestructive testing made possible by large-area, intensified CCD camera system

Cherenkov Emission Imaging and Spectroscopy Utilizing Isotopes and a Linear Accelerator
The inability to image Cherenkov radiation in a conventional radiation treatment environment where room light is on raises significant concern for patient and physician compliance; however, the intensified CCD (ICCD) camera system presented here offers a better solution.

Imaging of Shock-Induced Deformation in Condensed Matter
Ultrasensitive ICCD Camera Enables the Study of Rapidly Evolving Material Deformation in Extreme Environments

Using Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence To Study Plasma Turbulence
The successful development and optimization of fusion power sources will depend largely upon learning more about plasma turbulence and its relation to transport.

Articles Published Using PI Equipment

Molecular Imaging through centimeters of tissue: High resolution imaging with Cerenkov excitation
... Luminescence was detected from the specimens by a gated intensified CCD camera (ICCD PI- MAX4, Princeton Instruments) with triggering from the LINAC output, gating the intensifier amplify only during the 3 us bursts of radiation, delivered at 200 Hz. ...

New developments in laser-heated diamond anvil cell with in situ synchrotron x-ray diffraction at High Pressure Collaborative Access Team
Researchers from the Carnegie Institution of Washington have used a PIMAX4 emICCD and a PIXIS 400 BR in their research with diamond anvil cells.

Development of a collective Thomson scattering system for laser-produced tin plasmas for extreme-ultraviolet light sources
PI-MAX4 1024f was used by Dr. Tomita and his team at Kyushu University in Japan in theiur experimental setup for their research on spatial profiles of electron density (ne) and electron temperature (Te) of laser-produced Sn plasmas for extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) light sources.

Shocking Materials - ESRFnews
PI-MAX4:1024f used in ESRF's multi-frame, high-resolution phase-contrast imaging of extreme physical behavior.

Multi-point ignition of Hydrogen/Air mixtures with single pulsed nanosecond surface dielectric barrier discharge. Morphology of the discharge at elevated pressures.
Researhers at Ecole Polytecnique - Sorbonne University and Moscow State University utilized a PI-MAX4 ICCD in their experimental setup.

Time gating for energy selection and scatter rejection: High-energy pulsed neutron imaging at LANSCE
Researchers at Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE), Los Alamos National Lab utlized the PI-MAX4 ICCD's very fast frame rates and picosecond gating capabilities in this recent research project.

Development and Characterization of a Portable Atmospheric-Pressure Argon Plasma Jet for Sterilization
Researchers at National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan and National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan used a PI-MAX4 1024i in their experimental setup for this research.

Brochures

PI-MAX4 Brochure
Brochure with information on PI-MAX4 ICCD models and specifications.

Manuals

Product Manuals
Download operation manuals for Princeton Instruments cameras, spectrometers, and accessories from our ftp site.

Software

LightField 64-bit software - trial download
Download a 45-day free trial of Princeton Instruments' Revolutionary 64-bit data acquisition package for spectroscopy and imaging.

Tech Notes

emICCD: The Ultimate in Scientific ICCD Technology
With the rapid expansion of research in areas such as nanotechnology, quantum computing, and combustion, the development of higher-performance time-gated cameras is becoming a necessity. This technical note describes the latest breakthrough in scientific intensified CCD (ICCD) technology: the world’s first emICCD.

Videos

IsoPlane<br>  成像型光谱仪

IsoPlane
成像型光谱仪

这款屡获大奖的成像光谱仪在性能上超越传统的Czerny-Turner光谱系统,可选焦距为203毫米和320毫米的两款设计。


LightField <br> 科学成像及光谱分析软件

LightField
科学成像及光谱分析软件

普林斯顿仪器的智能控制软件,您从未体验过的全新设计!


SpectraPro <br> C-T型光谱仪

SpectraPro
C-T型光谱仪

高性价比、可靠性强、行业标准的光谱仪和单色仪.


CoolCUBE II 制冷器

CoolCUBE II 制冷器

紧凑小巧的液体循环器,为深度制冷相机提供高效冷却。

GigE 光纤接口

GigE 光纤接口

允许远程操作GigE接口的相机,主机电脑可位于550米之外

 
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